On this page, you will find our past and current publications.

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deepfakes coverDeepfakes & Disinformation

Adnieszka M. Walorska

Applications of Artificial Intelligence (AI) are playing an increasing role in our society – but the new possibilities of this technology come hand in hand with new risks. One such risk is misuse of the technology to deliberately disseminate false information. With the use of AI algorithms, videos can now be falsified quickly and relatively cheaply (“deepfakes”) without requiring any specialised knowledge. Read more about the political/societal challenges and how to tackle them in this analysis.




4L4liberty.eu Review No. 12 – Taxing Taxes: Labor and Capital in CEE

This time, their primary focus is the taxation of labor and capital – from the cases of Poland and the Czech Republic, to Ukraine, Bulgaria, and Bosnia and Herzegovina. We do, however, tackle also related phenomena – by showcasing, for example, the Slovakian take on carbon taxes.

All this has been done in a bid to familiarize the Reader with an overview of various existing approaches, and propose recommendations on how to make all tax systems better.

Because, to paraphrase Adam Smith’s words, “easy taxes” are one of the pre-requisites for a successful state. And who would not want our countries to be just that?




citizenship buchklappeTo be or not to be – EU Citizenship [ELF]

Edited by European Affairs Manager Carmen Descamps


From a European point of view, one of the most relevant citizens’ rights in 2019 was the right to vote and to stand as a candidate during the European Parliament elections. Whilst not the only example of the application of citizenship rights, European elections underline the relevance of such rights for citizens of the Union. The existence of EU citizenship might be undisputed, but we must ask ourselves: do we really know what European citizenship is and do we make the best use of our rights? In 2018, seven out of ten Europeans felt that they were citizens of the European Union, yet only a slight majority knew about their citizenship rights and one third would have liked to know more. The knowledge is there, but it needs to be shared and applied.

With contributions from experts from academia, think tanks and politics, this publication sheds light on the rights and oppor­tunities of EU citizenship. It bridges the gap between knowledge and application by presenting a number of concrete issues and perspectives around EU citizenship. The publication also offers solutions to foster an active European citizenry, which is vital for the functioning of European democracy. “To be or not to be – EU citizenship” is of relevance for academics, activists, policy-makers and decision-makers alike.

Enjoy the read!