Vergangene Woche legte die EU-Kommission ihr lang erwartetes „Energiepaket“ vor. Der Fokus liegt insbesondere auf Maßnahmen zur Verbesserung der Energieversorgungssicherheit durch Integration der nationalen Energiemärkte, die Erhöhung der Gaslieferantenauswahl und einer stärkeren Aufsichtsrolle der EU-Kommission bei Energiefragen. EU-Energiekommissar Šefčovič kritisierte, die Nord Stream 2-Pipeline sei unvereinbar mit den Zielen der Energieunion, da sie die Abhängigkeit von russischem Gas erhöhe. Weitere Initiativen zum Thema Gebäudeenergieeffizienz sind noch in der ersten Jahreshälfte 2016 zu erwarten. Continue reading
Although European integration in the early 1950s started around energy issues, efforts in this field have ever since been hampered by narrow national interests and a lack of coordination. Central and Eastern Europe serves as point in case – it is a region heavily energy-dependent on Russia, yet we can observe very diverging positions of these countries. Even before the current international crisis, the energy sector had become highly unpredictable, stalling inflow of critical investments into infrastructure. The EU tried to be a front-runner in fighting global warming and setting very ambitious goals for CO2 reduction, but might have to review these goals. Does the new situation call for a reassessment of renewable energy, our position on shale gas and nuclear power plants? Will it mark a change of attitude in Europe – are member states willing to step beyond their national interests? Continue reading
Latin America is a key partner of the EU for reaching its energy and climate policy targets. Six of the countries with the greatest biodiversity on earth are located in Latin America which holds half of the world’s tropical forests and has the highest average water availability worldwide. In 2050 Latin America will be the biggest agricultural producer of the world.
Even though Latin America has vast energy resources, the continent’s high economic dynamics lead to growing energy demands which require a further development of renewables. Therefore Latin American countries are currently redefining their energy mix in order to achieve sustainable development schemes that allow economic development while protecting the environment. The cooperation among countries of Latin America, the USA and Canada to link power grids and fuel supply lines as well as the harmonization of policies and regulations are therefore essential. Cooperation with the European Union in research and specific bilateral development programs is relevant and on the way.
Environmental experts from Mexico, Costa Rica, Brazil and Argentina will analyze energy policies of their countries and regions, focusing on energetic sovereignty, the role of the private enterprise and smart regulation within the sector.